The Lammas Fair in Exeter and the Ould Lammas Fair in Ballycastle have been cancelled due to Coronavirus. But Borough Market and Southwark Cathedral are together maintaining ancient tradition.
The word Lammas is derived from Loaf Mass and refers to bread made from the first harvested wheat for the Mass of Thanksgiving. This is Old Harvest Festival at the start of Harvest.
Lammas would have been observed on 1 August in villages along the Pilgrims’ Way.
This year Southwark is giving thanks on the fifth day of Lammastide: Wednesday 5 August.
The service starts at 12.30pm in Bread Ahead bakery in Borough Market. After the blessing of the bakery, bakers, grain and flour, clergy and Bread Ahead bakers process to the Cathedral with the first loaf, a wheatsheaf and other loaves for the Eucharist at 12.45pm.
There will be limited seating in church due to social distancing but the service is being streamed live on the cathedral website
Saturday 25 July is St James’s Day which is special to pilgrims old, new and intending.
St James the Great, one of the core apostles and John’s brother, is now found in Santiago de Compostela cathedral where he draws thousands of pilgrims arriving on various trails across Spain from France and Portugal.
From England you start by walking the Pilgrims’ Way to Canterbury.
James’s shell logo is the badge for pilgrims to Santiago and other places including Canterbury where the shell is found on the cathedral’s gatehouse door.
“Pilgrimage is physical travel in pursuit of a spiritual goal,” says Vadis VR founder Professor Amy Giuliano when writing about St James as the patron of pilgrims.
“It is a microcosm of the soul’s lifelong journey to God – the greatest of all adventures.
“A pilgrim lives each day with radical intentionality and utter dependence upon divine providence. When he leaves the comforts and security of home behind, illusions of self-sufficiency and control quickly dissipate.
“He traverses unfamiliar terrain, encounters new people and customs, and sleeps each night in a different locale. He is vulnerable to the elements and the road’s many pitfalls. He experiences his own physical limits, his dependence on others for aid, and the necessity of pairing down his baggage to the bare essentials.
“At the same time, his spirits are buoyed by prayer, progress, and the natural beauty that surrounds him. He is encouraged by the charity of strangers and enjoys a deep camaraderie with fellow travellers striving toward the same goal.
“These lights and perils, ecstasies and elations involved in the pilgrim’s physical journey point to greater spiritual realities, thus imparting life-changing lessons.”
Information about St James and pilgrimage to Santiago is available from Camino Pilgrim.
Before Southwark Priory became the parish church (and later also cathedral) there was St Margaret of Antioch Church in Borough High Street.
St Margaret’s in Borough High Street, rebuilt in the 13th century, was Southwark’s parish church until 1540.
As you left the Tabard Inn you would have seen the church opposite on an island plot . The site is now The Bridge Tap pub with the war memorial outside its front door. Here Borough High Street was known as St Margaret’s Hill although the incline for London Bridge was little further north.
The church became a court and was destroyed by fire in 1676.
Public worship has returned to Winchester Cathedral in time for St Swithun’s Day on Wednesday 15 July.
Swithun (800-862) often gets a mention in the weather forecast at this time of the summer thanks to the saying:
St Swithin’s day if thou dost rain For forty days it will remain St Swithin’s day if thou be fair For forty days ’twill rain nae mair.
This derives from the report that a violent storm broke as Swithun’s body was being moved on 15 July 971 from his outdoor grave to a shrine inside the Old Minster which preceded today’s Norman cathedral church.
Before the change in calendar 15 July would have fallen on today’s 26 July so the forty days refers to the possibility of a wet August which is not unknown.
Pilgrims setting out from Winchester would have been able to visit Swithun’s shrine containing his body knowing that at Canterbury they would find his head.
This skull is now in Évreux Cathedral in Normandy although not displayed.
Pilgrims starting at London’s Southwark Cathedral can look for the figure of St Swithun in the Great Screen at the east end.
At Winchester Cathedral this year the St Swithun’s Day Eucharist is at 12 noon. Evening Prayer at 5pm will be broadcast on Zoom.
On this coming Saturday 4 July some pubs, bed & breakfasts and cafes will reopen.
Does this mean that we can now walk to Canterbury and get there by the 800th Translation anniversary on Tuesday 7 July?
‘Probably not’ is the best answer.
Not all pubs or accommodation will be open on 4 July. Some are anxious to welcome us but others are being cautious and reopening later in the month.
Don’t expect to be able to collect lots of stamps in your passport.
Pilgrimage is most rewarding when taken slowly so you don’t want to have to walk long distances at speed to reach a bed. Booking ahead will be essential for some time.
Also, public transport does not have much capacity at the moment. Southeastern Railway has a new timetable from Monday but there will still only be 80% of normal services.
If you do go on the PW follow physical distancing guidelines and limit your contact with others and anyone you meet. Your party should be restricted to five others from different households.
Looking at the PW from London to Canterbury, the good news is that Southwark Cathedral will reopen on Saturday for private prayer and reflection between 10am and 3pm daily.
Public services will resume on Monday.
Tuesday 7 July, Translation of St Thomas of Canterbury: Canterbury Cathedral will be open from 10am (Sun 12.30pm) to 4pm from Saturday 4 July with free entry during the first week. Becket 2020 celebrations and events have been postponed but on Tuesday there will be The Eucharist at 8am and Evensong (without singing) at 5.30pm.
In Southwark Cathedral there is the Cardinal’s shield in the south transept and his image on the great screen.
He knew both churches well.
Those setting out from Winchester will pass through Farnham where there is the St Joan of Arc Church in Tilford Road just behind the station. The church, built in 1929, is dedicated to St Joan because Cardinal Beaufort, as Bishop of Winchester, was often in residence at Farnham Castle.
This year is the centenary of St Joan’s canonisation.
Rouen was also known to Thomas Becket who was there in 1170 on his way back to Canterbury and his death.
***Southwark Cathedral and Rouen Cathedral maintain an ecumenical link with exchange visits.
To Canterbury from Winchester and London / Leigh Hatts